A lorry, also known as a truck, is a large motor vehicle designed for the transportation of goods and materials. Lorries come in various sizes and capacities, ranging from small delivery vans to large articulated vehicles, also known as semi-trucks or tractor-trailers. The primary function of a lorry is to transport cargo, either within a local area or over long distances, making them a crucial component of road freight transportation and logistics.

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There are various types of lorries designed for different purposes, including: - Flatbed lorries: Designed to transport large, bulky items that cannot be easily loaded into an enclosed space. - Box lorries: Featuring a closed, rectangular cargo area for the transportation of general goods. - Refrigerated lorries: Equipped with temperature-controlled cargo areas for transporting perishable items. - Tanker lorries: Designed to carry liquids, gases, or bulk materials like sand or grain. - Articulated lorries: Also known as semi-trucks or tractor-trailers, these vehicles have a separate cab and trailer, making them suitable for transporting large quantities of goods over long distances.
The capacity of a lorry can be measured in terms of weight, volume, or both. Common measurements include payload weight, which refers to the maximum amount of cargo a lorry can carry, and the gross vehicle weight (GVW), which is the combined weight of the lorry, its cargo, and any additional equipment. Another important measurement is the loading space or volume, which is the total amount of space available for cargo within the lorry.
Regulations for driving a lorry vary by country and may include requirements for obtaining a specific type of driving license, adhering to weight and size restrictions, following driving hours and rest period regulations, and complying with safety and inspection standards. Additionally, lorry drivers must abide by road traffic laws, such as speed limits and traffic signals, to ensure safe and efficient transportation of goods.
Example or usage in road freight logistics

In road freight logistics, lorries play a crucial role in moving goods from manufacturers and suppliers to distribution centers, retail outlets, and end customers. Logistics companies typically maintain a fleet of lorries with different sizes and capacities to accommodate various types of cargo and transportation needs. By optimizing routing, scheduling, and load consolidation, logistics companies can improve the efficiency of their lorry operations, reduce transportation costs, and minimize environmental impact.

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